First financial period
First financial period

How do I find my financial year end if I incorporate a Sdn Bhd on 18/10/22?

“The beginning is the most important part of the work” – Plato

The same thing can be applied when 𝐝𝐞𝐭𝐞𝐫𝐦𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐚 𝐧𝐞𝐰𝐥𝐲 𝐢𝐧𝐜𝐨𝐫𝐩𝐨𝐫𝐚𝐭𝐞𝐝 𝐒𝐞𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐫𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐁𝐞𝐫𝐡𝐚𝐝 (𝐑𝐞𝐟𝐞𝐫 𝐡𝐞𝐫𝐞𝐢𝐧 𝐚𝐬 “𝐒𝐁”) 𝐟𝐢𝐫𝐬𝐭 𝐟𝐢𝐧𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐢𝐚𝐥 𝐲𝐞𝐚𝐫 𝐞𝐧𝐝.

As simple as it sounds, there is more to it than meets the eye. There are various compliance standards that the Company need to adhere to as well as multiple factors to be taken into consideration when making the financial decision on fixing the SB first financial year-end.

Firstly, the Company is required to comply with Section 248 of the Companies Act 2016 (refer herein as “CA 2016”)

Every SB is obligated to fix its financial year end (refer herein as “FYE”) within 18 months from the date of its incorporation.

Indeed,18 months may sound like a lot, but you may not want to max out the time frame given. The company may want to consider including a time buffer in their planning for unforeseen circumstances.

𝑰𝒔 𝒕𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒊𝒕? 𝑫𝒐𝒆𝒔 𝒕𝒉𝒂𝒕 𝒎𝒆𝒂𝒏 𝒘𝒆 𝒄𝒂𝒏 𝒇𝒊𝒙 𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝒇𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒊𝒂𝒍 𝒚𝒆𝒂𝒓 𝒆𝒏𝒅 𝒂𝒕 𝒂𝒏𝒚 𝑭𝒀𝑬 𝒘𝒆 𝒅𝒆𝒔𝒊𝒓𝒆𝒅 𝒂𝒔 𝒍𝒐𝒏𝒈 𝒂𝒔 𝒘𝒆 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒚 𝒕𝒐 𝒕𝒉𝒆 𝒂𝒃𝒐𝒗𝒆?

𝑩𝒆𝒇𝒐𝒓𝒆 𝒚𝒐𝒖 𝒋𝒖𝒎𝒑 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒐 𝒚𝒐𝒖𝒓 𝒅𝒆𝒔𝒊𝒓𝒆 𝑭𝒀𝑬, 𝒍𝒐𝒐𝒌 𝒄𝒍𝒐𝒔𝒆𝒍𝒚 𝒇𝒐𝒓 𝒂𝒅𝒅𝒊𝒕𝒊𝒐𝒏𝒂𝒍 𝒄𝒐𝒎𝒑𝒍𝒊𝒂𝒏𝒄𝒆 𝒂𝒔 𝒃𝒆𝒍𝒐𝒘:

(𝐢) 𝐂𝐨𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐢𝐚𝐧𝐜𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐒𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 247 of 𝐂𝐀 2016

(a) If the SB becomes a subsidiary of any holding company that is incorporated in Malaysia within two years from its incorporation date, the FYE should be synchronized with the FYE of the holding company.

(b) Having said that, a holding company may apply in writing to the Registrar under Section 247(3) of CA 2016 if the holding company has good reason for the subsidiary to continue having a different financial year.

(c) Although the SB may initially fix its FYE differently compared to its holding company and change it on a later date (within two years of its incorporation date), but why go through the hassle when you can do it neat at the initial stage not to mention the additional professional fee that will be incurred when change of FYE involved.

(𝐢𝐢) 𝐓𝐚𝐱 𝐢𝐦𝐩𝐥𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧 - 𝐏𝐮𝐛𝐥𝐢𝐜 𝐑𝐮𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐠 8/2014 (𝐏𝐑)

As stipulated under Para 4.2 of the PR, the first accounting period would be the first year of assessment for the SB.

But of course, if the Company intended to opt for (i)(c) above, the Company is obliged to comply to Para 5 of the PR as well.

All in all, of course, other than the above, there are a lot more factors which may come into play that may affect the decision such as the agreement with a third party, decision by key management personnel of the Company and etc. Hence, I am confident, each Company out there will come up with its best decision when fixing its first financial year end after a thorough consideration.

Authored by Calvin Lim, audit senior, from his personal Linkedin posting

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Published : 26-Oct-2022

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